aSALT MADE THE WORLD GO ROUND - ?

Since the time of Hesiod for nearly 3000 years, both historians and archaeologists have neglected to discuss the importance of the commodity salt [NaCl SodiumChloride ] in ancient times.

Up to the Industrial Revolution and in respect to almost every scientific discipline the influence of salt has not been considered as a key to the rise, fall or development of most ancient powers. The reason why archaeologists and historians in particular  have not been impressed by the importance of Salt, is probably that pots, sherds, flints and metals have survived, whereas alkali salts easily dissolved by wate are difficult to trace in ancient ruins. Also the terminology of the word "Spice" has figured as a main object of trade in the past, flavored with a romantic and exotic appeal. However it is clear that the most important spice was salt, a non odorous, bulk commodity, and required by a civilised world in huge quantities.

SALT (NaCl) - SALVATUS - SALVATION - COVENANT of most religions
 YOUR SALARY IS YOUR "worth in Salt"
SALARY / Webster Definition for:-- "salary"Cross references:--sal.a.ry \'sal-(*-)re-\ n [ME salarie, fr. L salarium salt money, pension, salary, fr. neut.]ofsalarius of salt, fr. sal salt - more at SALT : fixed compensation paid regularly forservices : OTHERS NOTES on the ETYMOLOGY of SALT

MILHAMA [hebrew] root: "fight for salt"
NaCl - [Common] SALT ..... prevented BSE

MRBLOCH SALT ARCHIVE, is researching the significance, of SALT [NaCl] through the period 1000 BC up to the Industrial Revolution.

For detailed references of statements made here, or Bibliography- 
Please mail: 
David Bloch - .

"SALT" EMBRACES THESE DISCIPLINES and keywords:


PHYSIOLOGY & SALT
Water/NaCl ratio- Depravation Dehydration - Bromide / Chloride ratio - Craving
GEOLOGY & SALT
Mining -Petroleum - Dunaliella Algae Solar ponds - The Dead Sea, a sinkhole?
ECONOMICS & SALT
Money -Trade - Monopolies - Transport - Protection -Temple Industries -Slavery
VIA SALARIUM

RELIGION & SALT
Sacrifice -Embalming -
Rites & Rituals - Kosher -
Slaughter
PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY & SALT
Sealevels - Solar evaporation
Salt Spray - Bromine -
Dust formation
PALAEOGEOGRAPHY & SALT
Icecores - Melting - Flooding -
Volcanic activity - Eustatic sealevel changes
ARCHAEOLOGY & SALT
Temples - Alters and Sewage Salterns - Ports - Stores
PRODUCTION OF SALT
Peat - Saltpeter - Tinder-
Explosives - Glass - Leather
table salt - Other uses

MONOMANIA & SALT


Salt is physiologically, absolutely necessary for human life, equal in importance to water; ...each required strictly in proportion to the other, in the body,
 
 

 ......... but in ancient times, unlike water, the known mineral sources of salt were limited, so much so, that salt became a critical demographic power factor for most communities, until industrial means of extraction from brines were devised.

It was only available as visible and exposed rock outcrops in arid regions, and as dried out salt-cake in lagoon areas and on the shores of seas and salt lakes. In humid areas, with wet climates, the salt dissolved in to salt "mirrors" below ground making it almost impossible for man to discover.

It is probably this, more than for any other reason, that some of the great civilisations first developed near deserts, and in desert climates: for example the Mediterranean, Mesoamerica, and Babylonia, at the edges of the "arid" zones.... and close to known salt sources ....and in spite of the hardships of living in such inhospitable places.

SALT was so important to mankind, that it became a
 # 'hall'-marked "money" of those times
(and the "salary" and sale" of today
 ΆΛΑΣ = salt)
Salt was more important, "then", than petroleum is today. -

The first three known civilizations based on salt sources were the Harappan which stretched from the borderlands of Baluchistan in the west to what is now New Delhi in the east. It was India's first major civilization and the world's third, after Mesopotamia and pharaonic Egypt

TIME Logo
SEPTEMBER 1, 1997 VOL. 150 NO. 9
ARCHAEOLOGY

India's Salt Lake Cities

Recent digs in the ancient town that was Dholavira are revealing a civilization vastly ahead of its time
SALT was so important that mankind was prepared to give up FREEDOM,
in exchange for salt:--
SLAVES WERE BOUGHT AND SOLD in exchange FOR SALT

"SALVATUS" [latin] =slave eg: "BOUGHT in exchange for salt"
sal....=[latin] salt

SALARIUM [latin] = payment

"HALOONETEI" [greek] = SLAVE -eg: BOUGHT  for
halas..ΆΛΑΣ = salt..[greek]

Salus, Roman goddess of health


    "In the beginning"........
    Primitive Man,.... the lone hunter and gatherer, , obtained his, and his family's immediate salt and protein needs from the blood.and meat of his prey. - He was a free agent. and consumed the minimum salt he needed, 5 to 10 grams a day per person.

    Picture-Some populations have been able to survive with salt from blood and urine. In Kenya, Masai keep cattle for bloodletting."Some populations have been able to survive with salt from blood and urine. In Kenya, Masai still keep cattle for bloodletting."

    And later .......
    Civilised Man, ....organised,, and living in   agricultural communities relied on hygienic distribution and storage of his meat which could be preserved by dehydration with salt for long periods at a time. The service enabled him to consume the meat over longer seasonal periods without fear of it going rancid.
    At the same time the  'salted meat' and 'salted fish' fulfilled his critical physiological need for both protein and replacing lost salt.

    With the periodical limited supplies of salt - This meant almost total dependence on the community leadership, who controlled the salt supplies and who thus performed the necessary de-hydration procedure

    The slaughter - and "sacrificing" of animals and the production of meat and fish protein, became central as a community service and the basis of the "temple" economics. It became the basic ritual for many religions. It provided the heads of the community, the "priests", with their "power", and the community, with the benevolence of a healthy life.
    and ....their Abattoir became their Temple

    The bye-products of this temple "industry" such as tanning, leather, glass and [saltpeter] - tinder , also had considerable economic attraction for the temple administration enabling them to provide very exclusive but necessary products.
    The individual salt consumption rose to well over 150 grams a day and "Control" of the supply of such quantities was indeed power !

TO RETAIN THIS POWER of survival

SALT
had to be
MONOPOLISED

and Autocracy reigned

SALT is still a monopoly in most countries


THE AVAILABILITY OF SALT, EITHER FROM EVAPORATION PANS ON THE SEASHORE OR DIRECTLY FROM THE VERY FEW KNOWN SALT QUARRIES HAS BEEN THE SOURCE OF VIOLENT FEUDS BETWEEN COMMUNITIES, UP TO THE PERIOD OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. - 


SINCE THE END OF THE LAST ICE AGE WHEN THE SEA LEVEL WAS MORE THAN 40 m BELOW ITS PRESENT LEVEL SMALLER ERRATIC EUSTATIC CHANGES OF ONLY ONE to TWO METERS  WERE A CATASTROPHE, [FOR CIVILISATIONS, RELYING ON SEA SHORE PRODUCTION OF SALT].- THEY CAUSED FLOODING AND INUNDATION OF THE SALT EVAPORATION PANS, OR ALTERNATIVELY LEFT THEM HIGH AND DRY.


The history of salt may reflect THE TRUE HISTORY OF CIVILISED MAN MORE THAN MANY HISTORIANS MAY CARE TO ADMIT. -


A "SALT ARCHIVE" DATABASE OF EVENTS AND EVIDENCE SUPPORTING THE ABOVE HYPOTHESIS IS AVAILABLE AND IS BEING CONSTRUCTED TO BE USED WITH THIS PAGE

Bibliography- Please e-mail:- David Bloch -

.

BOOKMARK for further discussion, ....

"SALT"...made the world go round

"SALT and Explosives..."....SALTPETER... the secret of PETRA..

We should welcome any contributions to these pages. Your comments:"Constructive" or "Destructive" - would be much appreciated

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